Racial discrimination in canada essay

The federal Crown continues to refuse to eliminate poverty among First Nations and Inuit, using allocated money to support the bureaucratic imposed status quo. In short, they manipulate the discourses and policies to conceal the consequences of systemic discrimination against Aboriginal peoples. A second subtheme emerging from this issue on systemic discrimination against Aboriginal peoples is constitutional reconciliation and remedies.

Aboriginal people are confronted with systemic discrimination against their constitutional rights, rights they hold as collective peoples derived from pre-existing sovereignty and treaties, which are not like the individual rights of Canadians. Yet they do not have anyone to oversee the protection of those rights.

The courts have affirmed the rights, but government resists implementing them. Aboriginal peoples have proposed that creating an Aboriginal Attorney General can protect their constitutional rights from abuse by politicians and bureaucrats, yet this proposed solution has met with deaf ears. Constitutional and systemic remedies can eliminate systemic discrimination. Our feature essay written by Patricia Monture offers an overview of the characteristics and the damages of systemic discrimination, how it is understood and tested in courts, as well as the limits of such tests in courts that miss the real context and effects of racism that affect the mental, emotional, as well as the spiritual and physical well-being of individuals and collectives.

Canada is not a safe place yet for Aboriginal people. As well, Canadians are not aware of the large-scale impacts and "layers of intersectional oppressions such as addiction, violence, lack of educational opportunities, over-incarceration, fracturing of family bonds, [and] loss of language" on Aboriginal peoples.

Prejudice and Racism in Canada Essay

The gap gets larger yet we do not have statistics that speak to that gap, rather the ones that further pathologize Aboriginal peoples. To understand why systemic discrimination continues requires that we understand how whiteness is complicit with and is the cornerstone foundation of Eurocentric systemic discrimination in Canada. This feature essay written by a non-Indigenous critical theorist Len M.

Findlay helps Canadians understand how racialization of Aboriginal peoples comes without a critical perspective of the contesting position of Eurocentric superiority that underlies race relations. He asserts skin color does matter to Canadians as internalized racism is about perceiving the worth and value of people in everyday relations and in them the distribution of power and privilege.

He offers Canadians three pillars to take up challenge.

History of Canada's early Chinese immigrants

Canada had slavery. But because of the colder climate, it did not have the conditions to grow profitable crops that relied on slave labour, including sugar, rice, tobacco and cotton. Consequently, Canada never developed a slave system akin to the entrenched and all-encompassing institution that many Americans implemented and protected for so long. As in Canada, white settlers in the U.

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But unlike in Canada, those people then settled that land with a significant population of enslaved Africans and African-Americans. This is a critical difference between the two countries. Even as slavery bolstered the American economy, founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson recognized that it would be difficult for future generations to create a multicultural nation from one founded on chattel slavery and settler colonialism.

Much of the white supremacy and xenophobia that Canadians deride in American culture, and overlook in our own, can be traced to the racism that developed alongside the federally protected slave system in the U. As Joseph Crespino, a historian at Emory University, notes in his book In Search of Another Country: Mississippi and the Conservative Counterrevolution , white southerners have succeeded in shaping the United States based on their own values.

History And Racism Of Canada

Canadians are also fortunate to have avoided trying to claim a mantle of exceptionalism, as Americans have done for so long. From the very beginning, Americans believed that they had a duty to spread, or impose, their values on others; many still do. But the hubris of American exceptionalism has rendered the country rife with hypocrisy. The idea that Americans needed to spread liberty and democracy around the world led the country into catastrophic conflicts in Vietnam and Iraq.


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At home, it helped promote the cultural genocide of Indigenous peoples in residential schools, which Canada also enacted. This kind of work only happens when Americans drop the self-congratulatory plaudits, look inward, and acknowledge their own flaws, which is exactly what exceptionalism discourages.

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Canadians know that Canada can be better. Canadians have a tendency not to be less racist than Americans, but less loud about it.

https://traduncopvi.tk This is where the notion of exceptionalism fails. There is much to celebrate about Canada, which undoubtedly remains more tolerant and just than many countries. But Canadian patriotism should be about gratitude, not hubris.

Our Canada: Are We Racist?

Gratitude appreciates good fortune and breaks down pride. By taking off the blinders and revealing our collective ugliness, of which there is a lot right now, a Canadian patriotism rooted in gratitude can help initiate progressive change —which is exactly what Canada, as wonderful a country as it is, still needs.