Essays on electra by sophocles

It is set before the palace of Agamemnon at Mycenae, where, years after his mother had killed his father, Orestes returns at the beginning of the play with his faithful friend Pylades and his loyal tutor the Pedagogue , to whom his sister Electra had entrusted him soon after the murder of Agamemnon. The three hide away after they hear a woman wailing from inside the palace. It is Electra , who subsequently walks out and proceeds to lament the sad state of affairs at the court: her dead father, her immoral mother, and, above all, her long-absent brother.

It is evident that, unlike her sister Chrysothemis, Electra cannot bear the situation any longer, and for this, she is soon reprimanded by Clytemnestra. The pedagogue then enters with some sad news: he falsely reveals to Clytemnestra and Electra that Orestes has been killed at Delphi. Electra is inconsolable and vows to take revenge. After a while, under the guise of a Phocian messenger, Orestes himself enters the palace with an empty urn, claiming that it contains his very own ashes.

Now that Electra knows everything, a full plan of action is concocted, and soon after, Orestes and Pylades enter the palace and kill Clytemnestra. It is evident that the same fate awaits him as well. The play ends as he is being carried off stage to be murdered at the very same place Agamemnon had once been. Most scholars agree that the decade in question is the penultimate of the fifth century The palace of Agamemnon at Mycenae. Before the palace of Agamemnon at Mycenae, three strangers arrive from a distant land. These are Orestes , son of Agamemnon , now twenty years of age; his faithful friend Pylades , son of King Strophius of Phocis, from whose court the three are now coming; and a Pedagogue, an old man who had been the tutor of the infant Orestes and who had secretly carried him away to Phocis soon after the murder of Agamemnon.

The three are here with a mission: to avenge the death of Agamemnon. So, Orestes has devised the following plan. First, the Pedagogue will enter the palace in the guise of a Phocian messenger sent by Phanoteus—the greatest of all allies of Clytemnestra and Aegisthus —and announce the death of Orestes. Afterward, Orestes and Pylades will arrive, bearing a funeral urn supposedly carrying the ashes of Orestes.

Once inside, it will be easy for them to kill both Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. A cry is heard from inside the palace and, advised by the Pedagogue, the three travelers hide from view. Electra comes out and, after greeting the sunlight, reveals her never-ending grief caused by the cruel murder of her father and the prolonged absence of brother. I no longer have the strength to hold up alone against the load of grief that crushes me.

At this point, the Chorus, composed of fifteen Argive maidens, enters the stage and expresses its sympathy with Electra. Wedding Speech by the Sister of the Bride words - 2 pages Wedding Speech by the Sister of the Bride For those of you that do not already know me I'm the bride's "slightly" older sister. When she first asked me to give her away I felt two things, the first was one of extreme and enormous pride that she'd asked me, and the second Was "Oh my God" I have to do a speech.

But please don't worry, this won't take too long. I would like to thank the priest for a lovely service, the priest's boss for. Vahan is a 12 year old boy living in Bitlis, Turkey. Vahan lives the life of privilege as the youngest son of a wealthy family. Being the youngest son he has 3 brothers by the name or Diran, Tavel, and Sisak. Also he has 2 sisters by the name of Oskina and. Both Aeschylus, through "The Oresteia Trilogy," and Sophocles, through "Electra," attempt to show the Athenians that revenge is a just act that at times must have no limits on its reach. Orestes and his sister Electra, the children of the slain Agamemnon, struggle on how to avenge their father's death.

Although unsure what course of action they must take, both brother and sister are in agreement that revenge must occur. Revenge is a. Oedipus The King By Sophocles Essay words - 6 pages Oedipus the King, a tragedy which was written by the ancient greek dramatist Sophocles, is often referred to as the perfect tragedy McManus, Oedipus The King By Sophocles Essay words - 3 pages Oedipus the King conveys many lessons that are relevant to people living today despite the fact that it was written by Sophocles twenty four centuries ago.

Oedipus is a child destined to kill his father and marry his mother. During his life, he makes many mistakes trying to avoid his fate. These mistakes teach us about the nature of humans under certain circumstances.

Plot Overview

Oedipus possesses personality traits which causes him to make wrong. Irritated by Teiresias' reluctance to speak, he is prompt to assign the worst motives to him, and once he is really angry he can be quite unreasonable in attributing the worst possible motives to Creon. However, as Sophocles presents it.

Other Popular Essays. Dreams in Langston Hughes Poems Essay. Electra was especially written for Gertrud Eysoldt, who had starred in over performances of Oscar Wilde's Salome in the same theatre and, according to the contemporary critic Paul Goldmann, "specialized in perverted women.

My point of departure was the character of Electra, as I well remember. I read the Sophoclean play in the garden and in the forest, in the fall of The line from "Iphigenia" came to mind where it says: "Electra with her fiery tongue," and as I walked I fantasized about the figure of Electra, not without some pleasure in the contrast to the "devilishly humane" atmosphere of Iphigenia.

The similarity and contrast with Hamlet also went through my mind.

The first idea came in early September The ending was also there at once: that she cannot go on living, that, once the blow has fallen, her life and entrails must rush from her, just as life and entrails together with the fertilizing sting rush from the drone once it has impregnated the queen. The resemblance and contrast to Hamlet were striking.

As for style, I thought of doing something opposite from "Iphigenia," something that would not fit the description: "this hellenizing product appeared to me on rereading devilishly humane. Letters written in and continue to refer to plans for this drama, but it was not until the encounter with Eysoldt and Reinhardt that Hoffmansthal sat down to write the play. Salome and Electra are now associated in our minds as Strauss operas.

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But Hofmannsthal was skittish about the relationship of his play to Wilde's. Strauss apparently became interested in Hofmannsthal's play after seeing a production of it at the Little Theatre in Berlin. Hofmannsthal wrote his play for the Little Theatre in full knowledge that Electra would be played by Gertrud Eysoldt, who was famous for her Salome, and he saw Eysoldt in Gorky's Lower Depths while working on his play. The German theatrical history of Salome stands squarely behind Hofmannsthal's play.

Wilde's play changes the biblical narrative in important ways. Second, Salome is killed at the end. Finally, Wilde elaborates the biblical motif of Salome's dance and gives it an explicitly bloody setting:. Thy little feet will be like white doves. They will be like little white flowers that dance upon the trees … No, no, she is going to dance on blood! There is blood spilt on the ground. She must not dance on blood. It were an evil omen. She has become red as blood.


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He prophesied that the moon would become as blood. Did he not prophesy it? All of ye heard him prophesying it. And now the moon has become as blood. Do ye not see it? Thus, Wilde's play places a heroine within a complex of themes and motifs that involves sexual frustration, blood, dance, and death. The crazed heroine's fatal dance of death at the moment of triumph has no precedent in Sophocles' play, but it is quite obvious that she conflates central motifs of Wilde's play.

For the German bourgeoisie of the late nineteenth century, the exiled Iphigenia, "seeking the land of the Greeks with her soul," was the great paradigm of neoclassical hellenism, and as such mediated the understanding of Greece as a vision of beauty and serenity. Goethe himself had his doubts about the play. In a letter to Schiller, he spoke of his "hellenizing drama" as "devilishly humane. Goethe's younger contemporary Heinrich von Kleist had responded to these elements in a play modeled on the Bacchae , in which he opposed to Iphigenia's Apollonian triumph the Dionysiac and destructive frenzy of Penthesilea.

A very similar protest motivates Hofmannsthal's Electra.

Electra in Electra

The deliberate and provocative contrast with Iphigenia was part of the original conception of his protagonist. The point is so obvious at critics have ignored it and have not traced the precise and detailed manner in which the contrast is developed. One might begin with Hofmannsthal's memory of Goethe's phrase about Electra with her fiery tongue, which occurs in Orestes' narrative of the matricide: …. The passage contains several motifs that Hofmannsthal develops in detail.

None of the ancient versions specifies Orestes' weapon.

Goethe resorts to the Gothic motif of a cursed weapon that links the generational sequence of crimes. More interesting is the phrase:.

Sophocles : a collection of critical essays

The faint trace of blood may be seen as an image of the distance between Goethe's play and the violence of his sources. Hofmannsthal's play, on the other hand, swims in blood. The deliberate contrast with Goethe is apparent in the opening scene, where a group of maidservants viciously gossip about Electra. They indignantly repeat her accusations, including this one: ….